Copalinga provides access to one of Earth’s richest areas of biodiversity—the eastern slope of the Ecuadorian Andes. The Reserve is adjacent to the Podocarpus National Park where the altitude ranges greatly and supports a variety of different ecosystems, contributing to the incredible number of plant and animal species found here. It is estimated that over 1,000 plant species are endemic to the region, and mammals such as fox, deer, puma, mountain tapirs, and spectacled bears are also known to occur.
At the reserve, 420 bird species have been recorded, and include 30+ species of hummingbirds and birds such as Gray Tinamou, Rufous-breasted Wood-quail, Amazonian Umbrellabird, Andean cock-of-the-Rock, and Foothill Elaenia (all regularly seen along the trail), Ruddy Pigeon, Military Macaw, White-necked Parakeet, and Coppery-chested Jacamar.
Copalinga Reserve is owned and managed by Ecuadorian non-profit conservation group Jocotoco Foundation, who took possession of the 370-acre property in late 2017.